Öland Island Brown Beans

Sweden

Kalmar län

Legumes

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Öland Island Brown Beans

On the Island of Öland, situated in the south of Sweden in the Baltic Sea, the cultivation of brown beans, or “bruna bönor”, can be traced back to about 1650. Carl Von Linné considered the climate on the island of Öland to be adequate to grow these beans in 1741. The sunny summers – with an average temperature of 17°C -, the mild autumns and winters, and the fine sandy soil are particularly suited to growing brown beans. It is said that the beans’ best quality is attained if they are grown on sandy soil because it is warmer than clay and does not retain as much water in the autumn. The first evidence of brown beans from Öland is in 1885 when a small rural shop in Böda (northern Öland) sold the beans for a price of 0.35SEK per kg. There are records found in the local county Agricultural Society journal of 1897 and 1906 and ever since the brown beans have been continuously grown on the island.
The sowing takes place in May and the harvest starts in September. The beans are planted in rows, using the right spacing of 50 centimeters. The plants are also grown on hills to avoid contact between the pods and the soil. Today, four different cultivars are grown: Stella I, Bonita, Katja and Karin. The beans first dry in the field for a couple of days and then they are stored and ready to be packed.
Traditionally, the brown beans are used in the preparation of a typical Swedish stew. The beans are soaked for 8-10 hours and then cooked with onions and sugar. The sweet-sour stew is served with fried bacon.

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Today dry brown beans are solely cultivated on Öland and consequently they are at risk of extinction. Imported beans from South America, China or Canada can be obtained at lower prices than in Sweden therefore the market of brown beans is slowly disappearing and they are not so well distributed. Consumption of these brown beans is very low among restaurant owners and consumers. There are still 43 farmers on the Island of Öland who cultivate the brown beans, and they are grouped in a local association called KOPT ( Kalmar- Ölands trädgårdsprodukter). This group of producers aim to promote the beans, their consumption and also their distribution without compromising the quality.

Production area
Island of Öland, Sweden

The Presidium is supported by
KOPT
EU project
43 producers grouped in the KOPT (Kalmar- Ölands trädgårdsprodukter)

KOPT (Kalmar Ölands trädgårdsprodukter)
Tel. +46 485560670
info@kopt.se
www.olandslok.se
Presidium Coordinators
Oskar Zedig
tel: +46 (0)485-560 673
cel: +46 (0)73-716 58 92
oskar.zedig@kotp.se
Today dry brown beans are solely cultivated on Öland and consequently they are at risk of extinction. Imported beans from South America, China or Canada can be obtained at lower prices than in Sweden therefore the market of brown beans is slowly disappearing and they are not so well distributed. Consumption of these brown beans is very low among restaurant owners and consumers. There are still 43 farmers on the Island of Öland who cultivate the brown beans, and they are grouped in a local association called KOPT ( Kalmar- Ölands trädgårdsprodukter). This group of producers aim to promote the beans, their consumption and also their distribution without compromising the quality.

Production area
Island of Öland, Sweden

The Presidium is supported by
KOPT
EU project
43 producers grouped in the KOPT (Kalmar- Ölands trädgårdsprodukter)

KOPT (Kalmar Ölands trädgårdsprodukter)
Tel. +46 485560670
info@kopt.se
www.olandslok.se
Presidium Coordinators
Oskar Zedig
tel: +46 (0)485-560 673
cel: +46 (0)73-716 58 92
oskar.zedig@kotp.se

Territory

StateSweden
RegionKalmar län

Other info

CategoriesLegumes