The Ufita valley is situated in the Apennines in the Irpinia district of the northeast part of the province of Avellino, in the Italian region of Campania. The first cultivation of garlic in the area dates from the Roman era, but with the passing of the centuries a variety was selected that is very rich in allicin, the organosulfur compound characteristic of garlic, and has a violet red skin. The bulbils are irregular in shape—tapered, long and arched—with a convex dorsal side. The garlic crop is alternated with wheat (in recent years heirloom grains such as Risciola, Senatore Cappelli and Saragolla), Ufita cherry tomatoes, cauliflowers and legumes. From painstaking selection of the bulbils and sustainable, eco-friendly cultivation to manual harvesting, drying and braiding, the growing technique has never changed. The garlic is sown from late December to January, sometimes later (February and March), and harvested from the third week in May to the end of June. The bulbs can be harvested when the leaves are green (in which case it must be consumed fresh), or when they are completely dry (for storage). The aroma and flavor are intense, as is the spiciness (due to the high allicin content), which perseveres and facilitates the preservation of the bulbils.
Uffita garlic is the main ingredient in some of the typical specialties of Irpinia, such as fresh garlic, ciambuttella di Grottaminarda (a sort of ratatouille), spaghetti alla chitarra with garlic, oil and chili, and ciambotta sturnese (a pepper, potato and tomato stew).
the garlic is harvested in May and June: dried, it is available all year round.
Unfortunately, in recent years mechanized owing of the seeds and harvesting of the plants have caused many local farmers to abandon the variety and replace it with Spanish white garlics, which are larger with more regular bulbs. The Presidium will seek to reintroduce the cultivation of the historic ectype, now at risk of extinction. The producers have pledged to reproduce it and give more land over to its cultivation, reducing irrigation and fertilization to a bare minimum, avoiding the use of weed killers and planning long crop rotations.
The commune of Grottaminarda and parts of the bordering communes of Flumeri, Frigento, Melito Irpino, Gesualdo, Ariano Irpino, Castel Baroni, Sturno and Carife, all in the province of Avellino.
Presidium supported by
Campania Regional Authority
Tel. +39 0825 443151 - 335 6575899
Antonietta Di Furia
Tel. +39 0825 446007 – 333 4455870
di Antonello Dino Nudo
Contrada Fontana Madonna
tel. +39 0825 444647 - 333 7969793
di Ilaria Minichiello
Contrada Barricella, 65
tel. +39 0825 446003 - 338 8915967
Contrada Doganelle, 1
Tel. +39 338 2601436
Via Pozzo Petrillo, 9
Tel. +39 0825 446024 – 338 9626844
Via Vespucci, 25
Tel. +39 333 2611507
Via Fontana Pezzente
Tel. +39 338 3431482
Via Terra della Quercia, 1
Tel. +39 392 4678445
Via Terra della Quercia, 1/P1
Tel. +39 348 6584177
Tel. +39 338 3810121