The Swiss black bee (Apis mellifera mellifera), present in the country since the last Ice Age, has adapted perfectly to the climate and flora of the Alps and their foothills.
Until a few generations ago, it was the only species found in central Europe, but it suffered a crisis in the 19th century when other bee populations were introduced to Switzerland, including the Carniolan bee (Apis mellifera carnica Pollman) from Austria and the Balkans and the Italian bee (Apis mellifera ligustica) from the Mediterranean. Their introduction immediately proved a mistake, because the species and their resulting hybrids showed a strange aggressiveness and adapted poorly to the area. The importation of other types of bee gradually fell, and today the problem does not come from the Italian bee, which is no longer raised by Swiss beekeepers, but from the Carniolan and the Buckfast (from Northern Europe), which are still present and whose morphological differences are not so evident.
The distinctive feature of the black bee is the dark color on the back of the body, which helps the insect soak up warmth from the sun, even when its rays are weak. Unlike other types, the bee flies in cooler periods, even close to winter. It is tolerant of low temperatures and has a wide flying range, visiting a great variety of flowers from early morning until late evening. When pure-bred, the bee has a very placid nature.
Feeding on nectar and pollen from a much larger number of flowers than normal, the black bee produces a honey rich in complexity, with an intense aroma and an especially balanced flavor.
The honey is traditionally extracted in the spring to get the floral essences, and in the summer for the forest essences. Honey production does not continue beyond July; the beekeepers leave the rest of the harvest to the bees so they can build up their winter stocks.
The Presidium involves 12 beekeepers who have signed a production protocol and who have at least 75 percent genetically proven pure-bred black bees. These small-scale producers, who generally have between 6 and 30 families, sell their honey under a single label. The objective of the Presidium and the association is to safeguard the bee, creating protected zones for its pure-bred reproduction. This has already been done in the canton of Glarus, and protected regions will also be created in Sargans and the Val Müstair in the future.
Presidium supported by
tel.+41 433004800/+41 799361291
tel. +41 762785286
tel. +41 717875653
tel. +41 788981126
tel. +41 817565209
tel. +41 817831351
tel. +41 323381923
tel. +41 817711069
tel. +41 449235959/+41 774174059
tel. +41 627732787/+41 793371156
tel. +41 719311652/+41 788437829
tel. +41 556444159/+41 796906733
Daniel und Christine Künzler
tel. +41 556431739/+41 797108324
tel. +41 792628592
tel. +41 818585405
Via Sulten 14
7017 Flims Dorf
tel. +41 819111425/+41 792377879
tel. +41 444810321/+41 765750321
tel. +41 9881274
tel. +41 523461331/+41 794352410
Im Sunneberg 1
tel. +41 448561182
tel. +41 323333222/+41 795411718
tel. +41 817713915
Obere Dägelmattstrasse 4
tel. +41 627713565/+41 792371657