Lucca Red Bean

Italy

Tuscany

Legumes

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Lucca Red Bean

Rosso di Lucca, aquila or lupinaro, cannellino di San Ginese, malato, and mascherino are just some of the names by which various Lucchesia beans are known. This diverse collection of ecotypes and varieties is a central aspect of the agricultural and food history of Lucca and the surrounding hills. The importance of these beans in the territory of Lucca is apparent in the numerous local dishes of local cuisine that use them, from soups to main courses to and as an accompaniment for meat, fish, and vegetables. Beans have always played an important role in the life of the local population, both because peasants grew them for subsistence and because they were exchanged for other agricultural products. Reference is made to the cultivation of beans, as well as to specific varieties, in local statutes and in monographs such as Le pratiche della campagna lucchese (“The practices of the Lucca countryside”), written in 1846 by the Marquis Antonio Mazzarosa, and these texts include information on cultivation techniques, yields, and the economic results expected from this agricultural activity. Other documents, including some from the Church, testify to the presence of beans in the local economy and the Statute of Compito of 1781 talks about beans that were grown in the territory around Compito in hilly outcrops of the Lucca Plain.

It is precisely the characteristics of the land of the Lucca plain, which was dedicated for centuries to the cultivation of cereals and beans, that give all of the local beans their characteristic delicacy. Lucca Red Beans were produced in the most fertile areas of the plain in medium-textured, sandy soils, and, particularly in Lucca and Capannori, in the lands near the waterways, where corn and beans were cultivated together. The beans are characterized by a red color of varying intensity, with streaks ranging from dark to blackish. They somewhat resemble the borlotto bean, but should absolutely not be confused with this type. Their intense fragrance and flavor and soft texture make Lucca Red Beans ideal for traditional first courses from Lucca, including soup with farro, zuppa alla frantoiana, and pasta and beans. Unfortunately, in recent decades, these dishes were progressively abandoned because restaurateurs and the local population considered them poor and of little interest. In combination with the high costs of traditional cultivation (which is characterized by a lack of mechanization), this disincentivized production and now only a few hobbyists continue to grow Lucca Red Beams, almost exclusively for their own consumption.

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Season

The beans are picked from August to early September and are available dried year-round.

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Consumers’ growing interest in legumes and traditional dishes has allowed for projects to recover and cultivate beans. Careful sorting and selection made it possible to bring back pure varieties and to enhance the work of passionate growers who have maintained Lucca Red Beans and other varieties over the years. It took over 3 years for a growers association, with the help of the Tuscan regional germplasm bank, to undertake a meticulous research project that recovered 17 varieties that were historically cultivated in Lucca. Today, several producers cultivate these varieties in the countryside around Lucca: Eight growers specialize in the red bean, and a cooperative brings together 50 regional farmers. The producers have created as association called Il Rosso and every season they multiply the beans and cultivate them without chemical intervention. The Presidium seeks to enhance this heritage and bring it to the market and encourages local restaurants to offer traditional Lucchese dishes based on the territory’s beans.


Production area
Lucca, Capannori and Porcari Municipalities, Lucca Province

Presidium supported by
Funds collected from the Alliance project linking Italian chefs and Slow Food Presidia in 2011
Guido Befani
San Donato di Compito
Via Villa Altieri, 840
tel. +39 329 0624298
agriturismolaconte@yahoo.it

Francesco Chiocca
Lucca
Località Carignano
Via delle Muricciole, 142 D
tel. +39 0583 329002
339 8883083

Renzo Del Prete
Capannori (Lu)
San Ginese di Compito
Via Pierini, 13
tel. +39 0583 90474-347 4472231

Paolo Giovannetti
Capannori (Lu)
San Ginese di Compito
Via San Ginese, 71
tel. +39 366 6877746
giovannetti@atclu12.it

Giovanni Giovannoni
Capannori (Lu)
San Ginese di Compito
Via di Villa, 23
tel. +39 366 4299280

Paolo Giuli
Lucca
Località San Alessio
Via Pieve Santo Stefano, 563
tel. +39 0583 341611
info@alpoderedirosa.it

Leonardo Matteucci
Capannori (Lu)
Colle di Compito
Via Campolungo, 8
tel. +39 0583 979333
338 6115180

Alessandro Rossi
Lucca
Località San Marco
Via Padre Antonio Costa, 68 B
tel. +39 0583 464308
349 8080482
alerossi4@alice.it

Lorella Armellini
San Pietro a Vico (Lu)
Via Acquacalda 1691L
tel. +39 0583 997691 - 347 7047603

Marco Giorgi
Capannori (Lu)
Castelvecchio di Compito
Via di Tiglio 841
tel. +39 0583 979108 - 3389661580
info@deliziefamigliagiorgi.com
www.deliziefamigliagiorgi.com

Danilo Picchi
Capannori (Lu)
Località Paganico
Via dell'Arpino 11
tel. +39 339 6006923

Franco Lencioni
Capannori (Lu)
Colognora di Compito
Via di Colognora, 50
tel. +39 0583 980362

L’Unitaria
Porcari (Lu)
Via del Sesto, 1
tel. +39 0583 211070
marco@lunitaria.it

Slow Food Presidium Coordinator
Marco Del Pistoia
Tel. +39 329 7399748
rossodilucca@gmail.com
Consumers’ growing interest in legumes and traditional dishes has allowed for projects to recover and cultivate beans. Careful sorting and selection made it possible to bring back pure varieties and to enhance the work of passionate growers who have maintained Lucca Red Beans and other varieties over the years. It took over 3 years for a growers association, with the help of the Tuscan regional germplasm bank, to undertake a meticulous research project that recovered 17 varieties that were historically cultivated in Lucca. Today, several producers cultivate these varieties in the countryside around Lucca: Eight growers specialize in the red bean, and a cooperative brings together 50 regional farmers. The producers have created as association called Il Rosso and every season they multiply the beans and cultivate them without chemical intervention. The Presidium seeks to enhance this heritage and bring it to the market and encourages local restaurants to offer traditional Lucchese dishes based on the territory’s beans.


Production area
Lucca, Capannori and Porcari Municipalities, Lucca Province

Presidium supported by
Funds collected from the Alliance project linking Italian chefs and Slow Food Presidia in 2011
Guido Befani
San Donato di Compito
Via Villa Altieri, 840
tel. +39 329 0624298
agriturismolaconte@yahoo.it

Francesco Chiocca
Lucca
Località Carignano
Via delle Muricciole, 142 D
tel. +39 0583 329002
339 8883083

Renzo Del Prete
Capannori (Lu)
San Ginese di Compito
Via Pierini, 13
tel. +39 0583 90474-347 4472231

Paolo Giovannetti
Capannori (Lu)
San Ginese di Compito
Via San Ginese, 71
tel. +39 366 6877746
giovannetti@atclu12.it

Giovanni Giovannoni
Capannori (Lu)
San Ginese di Compito
Via di Villa, 23
tel. +39 366 4299280

Paolo Giuli
Lucca
Località San Alessio
Via Pieve Santo Stefano, 563
tel. +39 0583 341611
info@alpoderedirosa.it

Leonardo Matteucci
Capannori (Lu)
Colle di Compito
Via Campolungo, 8
tel. +39 0583 979333
338 6115180

Alessandro Rossi
Lucca
Località San Marco
Via Padre Antonio Costa, 68 B
tel. +39 0583 464308
349 8080482
alerossi4@alice.it

Lorella Armellini
San Pietro a Vico (Lu)
Via Acquacalda 1691L
tel. +39 0583 997691 - 347 7047603

Marco Giorgi
Capannori (Lu)
Castelvecchio di Compito
Via di Tiglio 841
tel. +39 0583 979108 - 3389661580
info@deliziefamigliagiorgi.com
www.deliziefamigliagiorgi.com

Danilo Picchi
Capannori (Lu)
Località Paganico
Via dell'Arpino 11
tel. +39 339 6006923

Franco Lencioni
Capannori (Lu)
Colognora di Compito
Via di Colognora, 50
tel. +39 0583 980362

L’Unitaria
Porcari (Lu)
Via del Sesto, 1
tel. +39 0583 211070
marco@lunitaria.it

Slow Food Presidium Coordinator
Marco Del Pistoia
Tel. +39 329 7399748
rossodilucca@gmail.com

Territory

StateItaly
RegionTuscany

Other info

CategoriesLegumes