The Caiazzana olive is a traditional variety from the area that gives it its name: Caiazzo, a hilly region that climbs from the flat countryside as far as the Matese massif. Its cultivation is ancient: Large stones with cavities used for olive processing have been found dating back to the medieval period. Legal documents, known as the Alvignano and Chiazzo statutes, were drawn up in the Caiazzo area between 1449 and 1497 to regulate the olive-oil sector, testifying to the importance already given to the production of high-quality olives and olive oil as far back as the medieval period.
The olive is characterized by its ellipsoid shape, rounded tip, slightly flattened base and purplish-black flesh from the skin through to the stone. According to tradition it is eaten preserved in brine or oil or baked, but other local variations of preservation also exist, such as in ash. The olive baking process lasts between 15 and 20 days, and before cooking it is soaked in water with salt and other seasonings such as wild fennel and garlic.
The harvest and storage takes place from November, the processed product is available all year round.
The Caiazzana Table Olive Presidium– together with the Presidia for Vairano giant lupin bean and the Alife onion– was established as part of the project “Presidio della Biodiversità dell'Alto Casertano” organized by Slow Food Campania and the Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity in the areas of GAL Alto Casertano (which include the macro areas of Monte Matese, Monte Maggiore and Monte Santa Croce).
In Caiazzo only four olive producers are still actively involved in the cultivation and processing of olives. The objective of the Presidium is to preserve the olive groves and stimulate the harvesting and processing of the olive according to a production protocol focusing on quality.
Volturno valley, Caserta province
Presidium supported by
Gal Alto Casertano
Castel Campagnano (Ce)
Via Selvanova snc
tel. +39 0823 863271 - 335 492202
Il Giardino Segreto di Angelo Mastroianni
Via Villa Santa Croce, 141
Piana di Monteverna (Ce)
Tel. +39 0823 867213 - 388 9392719
La Sbecciatrice di Domenico Barbiero
Via Villa Santa Croce, 139
Piana di Monteverna (Ce)
tel. +39 339 1216016
Località SS. Giovanni e Paolo
Tel. +39 339 3275628
Verdeoliva di Sabino Serra
Via Pratillo, 10
Tel. +39 0823 865199 - 347 5434312
Saecularis di Assunta Zullo
via Lavone 12
Tel. 331 5267508 - 380 5938608
tel. +39 3358427323
Producer’s Presidium Coordinator
Tel. +390823 867213 - 388 9392719