Caatinga Passion Fruit

Brazil

Bahia

Fruit, nuts and fruit preserves

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Caatinga Passion Fruit

The Sertão do São Francisco district is situated in the far north of the state of Bahia, in the northeast of Brazil, a semiarid region dominated by the Caatinga, a unique ecosystem found nowhere else in the world. The passion fruit (Passiflora cincinnata) known also as maracujá do mato grows here. A wild perennial, the fruit can withstand long periods of drought and grows mostly in the so-called fundos de pasto, the common pastureland of traditional communities.
When ripe, it has green skin and white flesh which conceal dozens of tiny seeds. It is extremely fragrant and has a much more intense, acidulous flavor than the common passion fruit (P. edulis). It has high nutritional value (containing potassium, iron, phosphorous, calcium and vitamins) and is famous for its relaxing effect. Traditionally, unlike the more commercialized varieties, such as the yellow or sour passion fruit, the maracujá do mato is not cultivated and is picked by local families who eat it fresh or drink its juice. They also use the leaves and skin to make infusions.
Like many other wild species, it is threatened by human intervention, especially by the spread of monocultures and the introduction of intensively irrigated plants.
This is why, in 2011, it was loaded onto the Ark of Taste as a species at risk of extinction, and since then it has been promoted by the Slow Food network. Today it is used as an ingredient in jams, and the communities that protect it take part in regional food festivals.

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The Presidium involves the Cooperativa Agropecuária Familiar di Uauá, Canudos e Curaçá (Coopercuc), the association of small-scale farmers of Fartura (APAF), the association of athletes, students, and farmers of Lages (ASEL) Marcos (AMOMA), the Watermelon community, and a number of partners in reserach centers, universities and commercial networks in the region. The aim is to preserve the fruit, develop its cultivation (alongside its harvesting), promote sustainable production techniques, and boost awareness and consumption of its products. The presidium also encoura- ges discussion and exchange promoting food security and sovereignty, relating to the native fruits of the Caatinga, and their commercialization.

Production area
Sertão do São Francisco, Bahia, Northeast Brazil.

Presidium supported by
Fifteen producers are united in four associations Associação comunitária Agropastoril Curral Novo Jacaré; Associação dos desportistas, estudantes e agricultores da comunidade de Lages; Associação dos pequenos agropecuaristas de Fartura; Associação de moradores do Marcos), in the Cooperativa Agropecuária Familiar de Canudos, Uauá e Curaçá and in the Comunidade da Melancia.
Presidium producers’ coordinator
Thiago da Rocha Santos
tel. +55 74999489540
thiagorocha1602@gmail.com

Slow Food Presidium coordinator
Central da Caatinga
Tel: +5574 99965 2695
adilson.lvh@gmail.com
The Presidium involves the Cooperativa Agropecuária Familiar di Uauá, Canudos e Curaçá (Coopercuc), the association of small-scale farmers of Fartura (APAF), the association of athletes, students, and farmers of Lages (ASEL) Marcos (AMOMA), the Watermelon community, and a number of partners in reserach centers, universities and commercial networks in the region. The aim is to preserve the fruit, develop its cultivation (alongside its harvesting), promote sustainable production techniques, and boost awareness and consumption of its products. The presidium also encoura- ges discussion and exchange promoting food security and sovereignty, relating to the native fruits of the Caatinga, and their commercialization.

Production area
Sertão do São Francisco, Bahia, Northeast Brazil.

Presidium supported by
Fifteen producers are united in four associations Associação comunitária Agropastoril Curral Novo Jacaré; Associação dos desportistas, estudantes e agricultores da comunidade de Lages; Associação dos pequenos agropecuaristas de Fartura; Associação de moradores do Marcos), in the Cooperativa Agropecuária Familiar de Canudos, Uauá e Curaçá and in the Comunidade da Melancia.
Presidium producers’ coordinator
Thiago da Rocha Santos
tel. +55 74999489540
thiagorocha1602@gmail.com

Slow Food Presidium coordinator
Central da Caatinga
Tel: +5574 99965 2695
adilson.lvh@gmail.com

Territory

StateBrazil
RegionBahia