Bostanlyk Ancient Almond Varieties

Slow Food Presidium

Uzbekistan

Tashkent province

Fruit, nuts and fruit preserves

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Bostanlyk Ancient Almond Varieties

At Uzbekistan’s northern borders with Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan lies Chatkal valley, crossed by the ancient Silk Road linking Asia with Europe. This area is where the domestication of many almond cultivars originated, including those varieties consumed around the world today. It is still possible to find both wild and cultivated almond trees in the country.
The Bostanlyk district, in the western Tien Shan region, ranks first for almond production in the entire country and boasts an impressive heritage of wild almond forests, which have still not yet been classified. High mountain ranges act as barriers to protect the Bostanlyk district from the cold winds blowing from the northwest but the area is completely open to the western winds bringing moisture from the Caspian Sea. This climatic complexity creates exclusively favorable conditions for the growth of the most thermophilic species of almond.
The Shreder Research Institute, which specializes in studying almond trees, is located in this region and has so far identified more than 50 sweet and bitter almond varieties. It selects the best varieties, beginning with wild ones. But there is still an enormous amount of work to do.
Unfortunately the ancient forests of wild almond trees have been severely affected by large-scale felling for use as winter fuel and the sale of timber. The periods of greatest crisis were during the last world war and also during the recent political crisis leading to independence. Progressive deforestation has caused a sharp reduction in the biodiversity of almond trees and other species. Recently, in collaboration with the Presidium producers, the authorities have elaborated a program for the conservation of the genetic heritage of wild almond trees.
The almond tree is important not only for the landscape of Uzbekistan, but also for local culture and economy.The almond makes up a intrinsic part of life in the Bostanlyk settlements.
Traditionally almonds were ground in a wooden mortar and mixed with honey (sugar is now more often used) to produce shirilik, a sweet product still made today (frequently with added walnuts) for festive occasions. Almonds may be toasted, transformed into tolkun—ground fresh almonds used at the table or as an ingredient in cakes, desserts and cookies (a more recent tradition) or crushed to produce bitter almond oil. Those living in Brichmulla use old recipes for cooking and produce the almond sweet called “khashtak”, produced from kuraga (dried and stoned native apricot varieties), raisins, honey and almonds and/or walnuts. Khashtak is used for family consumption or sold at the Tashkent market (Uzbekistan’s capital). Today producers are writing up a traditional recipe collection containing all the uses of the different almond varieties.

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Бўстонлиқдаги қадимий бодом турлари

Ўзбекистон (Марказий Осиё) шимолидаги
Чотқол водийси бугунги кунда дунёда
истеъмол қилинадиган бодом турлари дастлаб хонакилаштирилган асосий жойлардан бири деб ҳисобланади. Бўстонлиқ региони бодом етиштириш бўйича мамлакатда биринчи ўринда туради. Элликдан зиёд ширин ва аччиқ бодом турлари аниқланган, бироқ ёввойи бодом турларининг
катта қисми ҳали ўрганилмаган. Президиум ёввойи бодомзорларни сақлаб қолиш устида иш олиб боради, зеро улар ўзига хос маҳаллий ананаларни давом эттиришда стратегик рол ўйнайди ва ерини жиддий эрозия хавфидан ҳимоя қилади.

Президиум
Ҳозирча президиум Хумсон ва Бурчмуллалик беш нафар ишлаб чиқарувчидан иборат. Бўстонлиқ регионидаги мазкур икки қишлоқда 2009 йили биринчи Бўстонлиқ слоу-фуд конвивуми ташкил этилган. Биринчи галдаги қилинадиган ишлар Шредер тадқиқот институти ёрдамида бодом етиштириладиган майдон ва унинг турларини аниқлашдан иборат. Ҳозирги кунда ишлаб чиқарувчилар турли хил бодом турларини маҳаллий таомлар тайёрлашда ананавий қўллаш устида изланишлар олиб бормоқдалар. Бодомдан тайёрланган ширинликлар, хусусан хаштакни ривожлантириш ва оммавийлаштириш маҳаллий ишлаб чиқарувчилар учун янги муҳим даромад манбаи бўлиши мумкин. Бу маҳсулотлар маҳаллий бозорда ва Тошкентда сотилади.

Осиё – Ўзбекистон
Хумсон ва Бурчмулла қишлоқлари, Бўстонлиқ региони, Ўзбекистон шимоли

Ишлаб чиқарувчи
Хумсон ва Бурчмулла қишлоқларидан
8 нафар ишлаб чиқарувчи:
Алим Ахунов –Хумсон қишлоғи
Парида Акрамова – Хумсон қишлоғи
Каромат Акрамова – Хумсон қишлоғи
Риски Рахимова – Бурчмулла қишлоғи
Бахтияр Рахимов – Бурчмулла қишлоғи
Джуравой Одинаев – Бурчмулла қишлоғи
Равшан Одинаев – Бурчмулла қишлоғи
Анвар Ашуров – Бурчмулла қишлоғи

Президиум координатори
Марина Цой
тел. +417 86414884/998909491330
marina.v.tsoy@gmail.com

Техник ҳамкор
Шредер тадқиқот институти
(Вакил: Абдувоҳид Абдурасулов)
Хумсон қишлоғи, Бўстонлқ региони,
Ўзбекистон
bostanlyk@gmail.com
The Presidium so far involves five producers from Khumsan and Brichmulla, two villages in the Bostanlyk region where in 2009 the first Slow Food Bostanlyk Convivium was founded.
The first steps will be to define the production area and varieties, with the help of the Shroder Research Institute. Nowadays the producers are working on a study of the traditional usage of different varieties of almond in local cuisine. Developing and promoting traditional almond-based sweet foods, particularly khashtak, could represent an important new source of income for local producers. These products will be sold locally and at Tashkent market.

Production area
Khumsan and Brichmulla villages, Bostanlyk region, northern Uzbekistan

Technical partner
Shreder Research Institute (Representative: Abduvakhid Abdurasulov)
Khumsan village, Bostanlyk region, Uzbekistan
bostanlyk@gmail.com
8 producers from Khumsan and Brichmulla Villages

Alim Ahunov – Khumsan village
Parida Akramova – Khumsan village
Karomat Akramova – Khumsan village
Riski Rakhimova – Brichmulla village
Bahtiyar Rakhimov – Brichmulla village
Djuravoj Odinayev – Brichmulla village
Ravshan Odinayev – Brichmulla village
Anvar Ashyrov – Brichmulla village
Presidium coordinator
Marina Tsoy
tel. +417 86414884/998909491330
marina.v.tsoy@gmail.com
The Presidium so far involves five producers from Khumsan and Brichmulla, two villages in the Bostanlyk region where in 2009 the first Slow Food Bostanlyk Convivium was founded.
The first steps will be to define the production area and varieties, with the help of the Shroder Research Institute. Nowadays the producers are working on a study of the traditional usage of different varieties of almond in local cuisine. Developing and promoting traditional almond-based sweet foods, particularly khashtak, could represent an important new source of income for local producers. These products will be sold locally and at Tashkent market.

Production area
Khumsan and Brichmulla villages, Bostanlyk region, northern Uzbekistan

Technical partner
Shreder Research Institute (Representative: Abduvakhid Abdurasulov)
Khumsan village, Bostanlyk region, Uzbekistan
bostanlyk@gmail.com
8 producers from Khumsan and Brichmulla Villages

Alim Ahunov – Khumsan village
Parida Akramova – Khumsan village
Karomat Akramova – Khumsan village
Riski Rakhimova – Brichmulla village
Bahtiyar Rakhimov – Brichmulla village
Djuravoj Odinayev – Brichmulla village
Ravshan Odinayev – Brichmulla village
Anvar Ashyrov – Brichmulla village
Presidium coordinator
Marina Tsoy
tel. +417 86414884/998909491330
marina.v.tsoy@gmail.com

Territory

StateUzbekistan
RegionTashkent province