Krškopolje Pig

Ark of taste
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The Krškopolje pig is the only indigenous pig race in Slovenia and it is still present in the Gorjanci and Krsko polje areas, in the north-eastern part of the country. This race was mentioned in records in 1851.

The origin of this pig is from the region of Dolenjska, also known as Lower Carniola at the time when Slovenia was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Based on historical accounts, in the 19th century the Krškopolje pig was the most popular race in this region.

The Krškopolje pig was popular with breeders due to the quality of its meat and its fat, however the productivity of this race was fairly low, and the pigs had a high degree of inbreeding.

After WWII, the main objective of Tito’s agricultural policy was to guarantee enough food for the country. State owned farms played the main role in the breeding and selection of pigs; hence the Krškopolje pig was replaced with imported white races that were more productive. Despite the campaign against the Krškopolje pig, some farmers did not abandon breeding of this race.

The situation of the race has not changed in recent years: local breeders are trying to support a reintroduction of the Krškopolje pig to farming.
There are around 5000 heads bred in 90 farms in Slovenia.

The Krškopolje pig is used for the production of pork, ham or sausages.

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Breeds and animal husbandry

Nominated by:Ivan Belec